What causes periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease may be diagnosed as either aggressive or chronic.
Aggressive periodontal disease typically occurs during the adolescent stage of life and is caused by bacteria. Hormonal changes often play a role (which is also why pregnancy gingivitis – a gum disease flare-up during pregnancy – can occur).
Chronic periodontal disease is the most common type and is caused by lack of adequate oral hygiene. If a person goes a long period of time without having their teeth cleaned, they develop tartar or calculus. Tartar and calculus irritate the bone. A person starts to lose the bone around their teeth because of tartar/calculus.
This situation can quickly become quite serious. As your bone begins to deteriorate, gaps open between your gums and your teeth, providing a place for bacteria to reproduce. The infection and inflammation continue the cycle and will eventually cause significant damage to your dental health. Periodontal disease is the number one cause of lost teeth in American adults.
In its early stages, periodontal disease is easy to reverse. Improved home care and more frequent cleanings will restore your health. In its later stages, however, further treatment will be needed. Additionally, only procedures like bone grafting can restore lost periodontal bone.
If you are showing any signs of periodontal disease, such as bleeding when you brush or floss or sore, red, puffy gums, please call our office to schedule an evaluation.